Can Diabetics eat fruits?

Can diabetics eat fruits?

Rajat Sarkar loves mango and he would like to eat mango everyday in summer. Some years later he knew that his blood sugar level was high and he had diabetes. Then he went to doctor’s chamber, doctor prescribe some medicine and told him to stop eating mangoes. He was very sad but he did not understand why doctor told him to stop eating mangoes. But what he did not know that he was just saved by the nutritionist from a fatal danger.

Globally more than 400 million people affected by diabetes, with risks of death and  macrovascular (cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral vascular disease) and microvascular (nephropathy, neuropathy, and nephropathy) complications. Healthy diet plays an important role in both prevention and management of diabetes.

choose to prevent diabetes

 Diets should rich in fruits and vegetable but particularly for fruit consumption, diabetic patients is still rather limited. Fruit contain sugar, called fructose which can raise blood sugar levels, but fruits are also rich in fiber, antioxidants, and phytochemicals that may have beneficial health effects. Fiber helps bowel movement, lower cholesterol level, control blood sugar level. Fruits contain complex carbohydrate, vitamins ,minerals, contain 50-70% water. Common myth is a diabetic patient cannot eat fruit, it is poison for them. Increasing fruit consumption has been recommended for the prevention of many chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes. Fruits are low in fat, salt. Adequate intake of fruits can help to

  • Reduce obesity
  • Reduce  cholesterol level
  • Reduce blood pressure.

Soluble fiber can slow the absorption of sugar and control blood sugar level. Many fruits are high in fiber, especially those have pulp and skin.

fruits for diabetes

This article will explain which fruits a diabetic person can eat and avoid and how they related to diabetes. Basic criteria for selection of fruit for diabetic patient:

  1. Glycaemic Index
  2. Glycaemic Load

These two factors identify which fruits are suitable for diabetes so, at first we have two understand the meaning of these two things

WHAT IS GLYCAEMIC INDEX(GI)?

glycemic index

According to Jenkins(1981) glycaemic index is a ranking of foods based on the postprandial blood glucose response compared with a reference of food. It means ability of the food item to raise the blood sugar level is measured in terms of glycaemic index. When glycaemic index is high pancreas produces excess insulin and after long years of glucose and insulin overload cells become insulin resistant and due to this keeps blood glucose levels high. So, diabetic patient should consume moderate or low GI food. In low G.I. food carbohydrate slowly breakdown  and keep  lower the  blood sugar level .

High GI food absorbed faster than medium or low GI food.GI rating of foods on scale from 1 to 100.for example glycaemic index of glucose is 100. >70 is high GI, 56-69 Medium GI, <56 Low GI.

WHAT IS GLYCAEMIC LOAD(GL)?

Glycaemic Load is a number that assess GI of food plus number of carbohydrates in a serving. It measures how much food affects the blood sugar level. Glycaemic load 10 or less is considered low, 11-19 is medium, 20 or more is high.

Most of the fruits have moderate to low GI. It means most of the fruits are suitable for diabetes. So let’s start to know which fruits have moderate to low GI.

Processing fruits reduces levels of certain nutrients, including vitamins and fiber. Most of the nutrients concentrated and present beneath under the skin, so if you want to get micronutrients from fruits eat them raw. Fresh fruits are always recommended than canned or packed juice. A diabetic patient can intake low G.I. fruit everyday and can consume moderate or high G.I fruits once in per 15-20 days.   Now we all understand that eliminating fruits from diet for a diabetic patient is not correct, Fruit consumption is an important part of a person’s diet. Though fruits have a large amount of sugar, but .fresh fruit does not contain free sugars. So a diabetic person can easily add fresh fruits to their diet but exclude packed and canned product.

Get an answer to all the questions about diabetes in my online course. I will be back again with a new and interesting topic for everyone to discuss. Thank you.

Let me introduce you to the Art of Living with diabetes,a unique training program for every diabetic citizen. Click Here to know details.

Published by Dr.Pratim Sengupta

Dr. Pratim Sengupta thinks of himself as conscious, living, soulful being with an inner urge to break the inertia of life. He feels that life is nothing but a material expression of the Supreme Almighty Consciousness. His conscious existence empowered him to see, to hear, to talk, to interact, to feel, to dream, to ask questions, and to seek solutions to every problem. In the flow of life, as he grew up, he understood that knowledge of life is the only way to understand the scientific basis of conscious existence. Hence Dr. Sengupta felt the urge to study the science of life – i.e. Medicine. After he completed his higher secondary education from the Ramakrishna Mission Vidyamandira in Belurmath, he joined the MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) course at RG Kar Medical College, Kolkata. The professional packaging of knowledge in terms of a time-bound, goal-oriented syllabus frustrated him a bit, but nevertheless ignited the urge within him to study further. He thus went on to his post-graduation (MD) in Medicine from IPGMER and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata. During his MD training, he got a glimpse of the vastness of knowledge, and the quest to learn precisely the facts of life narrowed down his area of interest to the functioning of the kidneys and the specialisation of Nephrology – a discipline that is complex, yet relatively new and still evolving in terms of complete understanding of renal physiology and pathology. So, Dr. Sengupta decided to study and train for the DM (Doctorate of Medicine) degree in Nephrology. Right from the start of his career, Dr. Sengupta was passionate about Research. During the MD programme he worked on Cirrhotic Cardiomyopathy, Autonomic Neuropathy of Lupus, and Insulin resistance in Diabetics. All these research studies were published in national journals. During his postdoctoral study in Nephrology, he worked on Hemodialysis efficiency, and suggested an angular placement of the Dialyser in order to increase efficiency. This innovative concept was accepted for presentation at the World Congress of Nephrology, Milan, in 2009, and also published in Hemodialysis International. Dr. Sengupta also worked on Plasmapheresis – a blood filtering technique by which toxic and pathogenic immunoglobulins can be removed from the body. He studied the role of Prethymectomy Plasmapheresis in Myasthenia Gravis patients, and his findings were published in the journal Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery. The patient-empowered nutritional model for nutritional care of kidney patients is another interesting and innovative area in which Dr. Sengupta has worked for quite a long time. Dr.Pratim Sengupta won the Bharat Jyoti award for his excellency in the field of medicine. He is also the president of our non-governmental organization, The Kidney Care Society. His tireless contribution to provide quality living for his patients is worth mentioning. He introduced Mukti, blending ancient Indian yoga with modern medicine for well being of every patient. He has also introduced an unique online course "Art of Living with diabetes" which is a complete solution to diabetes management. He has authored many books, blogs, for the patients. Searching and researching for solutions to problems in the field of Nephrology remains the passion and dream of Dr. Pratim Sengupta, and he intends to persist on this journey as long as he is conscious. Meanwhile, even as he pursues his dreams, Dr. Sengupta diligently puts into practice all he has learned about Nephrology over the years, at the Belle Vue Clinic in Kolkata and ILS hospital,Dumdum where he is available for his patient

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