Rajat Sarkar loves mango and he would like to eat mango everyday in summer. Some years later he knew that his blood sugar level was high and he had diabetes. Then he went to doctor’s chamber, doctor prescribe some medicine and told him to stop eating mangoes. He was very sad but he did not understand why doctor told him to stop eating mangoes. But what he did not know that he was just saved by the nutritionist from a fatal danger.
Globally more than 400 million people affected by diabetes, with risks of death and macrovascular (cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral vascular disease) and microvascular (nephropathy, neuropathy, and nephropathy) complications. Healthy diet plays an important role in both prevention and management of diabetes.
Diets should rich in fruits and vegetable but particularly for fruit consumption, diabetic patients is still rather limited. Fruit contain sugar, called fructose which can raise blood sugar levels, but fruits are also rich in fiber, antioxidants, and phytochemicals that may have beneficial health effects. Fiber helps bowel movement, lower cholesterol level, control blood sugar level. Fruits contain complex carbohydrate, vitamins ,minerals, contain 50-70% water. Common myth is a diabetic patient cannot eat fruit, it is poison for them. Increasing fruit consumption has been recommended for the prevention of many chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes. Fruits are low in fat, salt. Adequate intake of fruits can help to
- Reduce obesity
- Reduce cholesterol level
- Reduce blood pressure.
Soluble fiber can slow the absorption of sugar and control blood sugar level. Many fruits are high in fiber, especially those have pulp and skin.
This article will explain which fruits a diabetic person can eat and avoid and how they related to diabetes. Basic criteria for selection of fruit for diabetic patient:
- Glycaemic Index
- Glycaemic Load
These two factors identify which fruits are suitable for diabetes so, at first we have two understand the meaning of these two things
WHAT IS GLYCAEMIC INDEX(GI)?
According to Jenkins(1981) glycaemic index is a ranking of foods based on the postprandial blood glucose response compared with a reference of food. It means ability of the food item to raise the blood sugar level is measured in terms of glycaemic index. When glycaemic index is high pancreas produces excess insulin and after long years of glucose and insulin overload cells become insulin resistant and due to this keeps blood glucose levels high. So, diabetic patient should consume moderate or low GI food. In low G.I. food carbohydrate slowly breakdown and keep lower the blood sugar level .
High GI food absorbed faster than medium or low GI food.GI rating of foods on scale from 1 to 100.for example glycaemic index of glucose is 100. >70 is high GI, 56-69 Medium GI, <56 Low GI.
WHAT IS GLYCAEMIC LOAD(GL)?
Glycaemic Load is a number that assess GI of food plus number of carbohydrates in a serving. It measures how much food affects the blood sugar level. Glycaemic load 10 or less is considered low, 11-19 is medium, 20 or more is high.
Most of the fruits have moderate to low GI. It means most of the fruits are suitable for diabetes. So let’s start to know which fruits have moderate to low GI.
Processing fruits reduces levels of certain nutrients, including vitamins and fiber. Most of the nutrients concentrated and present beneath under the skin, so if you want to get micronutrients from fruits eat them raw. Fresh fruits are always recommended than canned or packed juice. A diabetic patient can intake low G.I. fruit everyday and can consume moderate or high G.I fruits once in per 15-20 days. Now we all understand that eliminating fruits from diet for a diabetic patient is not correct, Fruit consumption is an important part of a person’s diet. Though fruits have a large amount of sugar, but .fresh fruit does not contain free sugars. So a diabetic person can easily add fresh fruits to their diet but exclude packed and canned product.
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