Deep breathing exercises can be an elixir in this COVID pandemic

deep breathing

Let us understand the importance of deep breathing and why should we emphasize more on these sorts of exercises?

We all are passing through a very tough time. Covid is affecting thousands of lives. Covid is a respiratory tract virus that primarily infects the respiratory organs of the body, the lung being the epicenter of the infection. The lung is a vital organ that does the gaseous exchange and purifies the blood. We have two lungs inside our thorax. There are 3 different lobes in our lungs-Apical lobe, middle lobe, and lower lobe. These 3 lobes contain balloon-like structures called Alveoli. There are millions of alveoli that are distributed in 3 lobes. These are the main area where the air gets purified. The alveoli are surrounded by thin vascular meshwork. When we breathe in the alveoli expand, and all the arteries surrounding the alveoli take up oxygen from the air which is coming in. When we breathe out these alveoli collapse the CO2 gets out from the blood and goes out. In this way, the blood gets purified.

Now, what does Corona do?

COVID invasion in lungs

Once corona enters the lungs it proliferated inside the lungs, damages the alveoli, and causes fibrosis. It also causes thrombosis in the blood capillaries surrounding the alveoli. The lungs do not get nourishment and get fibrosed. As alveoli are damaged, alveoli lumen are damaged, the alveoli membrane which was otherwise exchanging oxygen cannot exchange oxygen anymore leading to low oxygen saturation in the blood. Now once the patient recovers from all these inflammatory insults thus this inflammation and ongoing damage improve dramatically? The answer is No. Residual lesions remain. In this phase do we have any specific medicine answer is no? Fibrosis of the lungs means the elasticity of the lung is gone because of some new matrix deposition. The lung cannot expand as it was supposed to be while we are inhaling air; or it does not collapse normally during exhalation.

X-ray of COVID lungs

COVID-19 can cause pneumonia in people who are very sick. This causes the lungs to fill up with fluid and mucus, making breathing and getting the oxygen to the blood more difficult. COVID affects the entire respiratory system, obstructing ventilation even further. It has the potential to cause asthma attacks and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). So we need to do some breathing exercises so we can maintain the elasticity and help alveoli to recover. Deep breathing exercise is the only tool by which we can increase lung immunity and optimize lung function. Lung has a tremendous reserve and we use only a small fraction of it. By practicing deep breathing exercises we can use the reserve. If we practices deep breathing exercises it activates the 3 lobes of the lungs, improves the elasticity of the alveoli in the 3 lobes of the lungs.

Breathing exercising ladies
Deep breathing restores lung function by using the diaphragm

If you regularly practice these sets of exercises, the elasticity of the lung gets restored and lessons get healed. It is significantly importance for someone suffering from active covid infection or has just recovered from corona infection. Deep breathing restores lung function by using the diaphragm. Breathing through the nose strengthens the diaphragm and encourages the nervous system to relax and restore itself. Breathing exercises get oxygen deep into the lungs, which helps to clear out mucus and other fluids.  During recovery, breathing exercises work to strengthen the diaphragm, a major respiratory muscle located under the lungs. It can also help increase lung capacity, bringing much-needed oxygen into your bloodstream. Deep breathing exercises also help you feel calm, which may be beneficial for coping with long-term illness and recovery. When recovering from a respiratory illness like COVID-19, it’s important not to rush recovery.

I have specially designed a deep breathing exercise training program “Boost your lung health” where I have sequentially taught the steps of breathing exercises. There are nearly 20 sets of exercises which will be a tremendous boon to heal the lung health. Below is the link to join my program.

Published by Dr.Pratim Sengupta

Dr. Pratim Sengupta thinks of himself as conscious, living, soulful being with an inner urge to break the inertia of life. He feels that life is nothing but a material expression of the Supreme Almighty Consciousness. His conscious existence empowered him to see, to hear, to talk, to interact, to feel, to dream, to ask questions, and to seek solutions to every problem. In the flow of life, as he grew up, he understood that knowledge of life is the only way to understand the scientific basis of conscious existence. Hence Dr. Sengupta felt the urge to study the science of life – i.e. Medicine. After he completed his higher secondary education from the Ramakrishna Mission Vidyamandira in Belurmath, he joined the MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) course at RG Kar Medical College, Kolkata. The professional packaging of knowledge in terms of a time-bound, goal-oriented syllabus frustrated him a bit, but nevertheless ignited the urge within him to study further. He thus went on to his post-graduation (MD) in Medicine from IPGMER and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata. During his MD training, he got a glimpse of the vastness of knowledge, and the quest to learn precisely the facts of life narrowed down his area of interest to the functioning of the kidneys and the specialisation of Nephrology – a discipline that is complex, yet relatively new and still evolving in terms of complete understanding of renal physiology and pathology. So, Dr. Sengupta decided to study and train for the DM (Doctorate of Medicine) degree in Nephrology. Right from the start of his career, Dr. Sengupta was passionate about Research. During the MD programme he worked on Cirrhotic Cardiomyopathy, Autonomic Neuropathy of Lupus, and Insulin resistance in Diabetics. All these research studies were published in national journals. During his postdoctoral study in Nephrology, he worked on Hemodialysis efficiency, and suggested an angular placement of the Dialyser in order to increase efficiency. This innovative concept was accepted for presentation at the World Congress of Nephrology, Milan, in 2009, and also published in Hemodialysis International. Dr. Sengupta also worked on Plasmapheresis – a blood filtering technique by which toxic and pathogenic immunoglobulins can be removed from the body. He studied the role of Prethymectomy Plasmapheresis in Myasthenia Gravis patients, and his findings were published in the journal Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery. The patient-empowered nutritional model for nutritional care of kidney patients is another interesting and innovative area in which Dr. Sengupta has worked for quite a long time. Dr.Pratim Sengupta won the Bharat Jyoti award for his excellency in the field of medicine. He is also the president of our non-governmental organization, The Kidney Care Society. His tireless contribution to provide quality living for his patients is worth mentioning. He introduced Mukti, blending ancient Indian yoga with modern medicine for well being of every patient. He has also introduced an unique online course "Art of Living with diabetes" which is a complete solution to diabetes management. He has authored many books, blogs, for the patients. Searching and researching for solutions to problems in the field of Nephrology remains the passion and dream of Dr. Pratim Sengupta, and he intends to persist on this journey as long as he is conscious. Meanwhile, even as he pursues his dreams, Dr. Sengupta diligently puts into practice all he has learned about Nephrology over the years, at the Belle Vue Clinic in Kolkata and ILS hospital,Dumdum where he is available for his patient

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