If you are obese, or obese with diabetic, or cannot move properly may be because of your joint issue, or if you are a kidney patient who is having weakness, then you might think that losing weight is next to impossible for you. But, here is the fact that it is possible, with some intense breathing exercise along with diet and lifestyle modification. Here is the scientific explanation that how this can happen.
We need to understand that the weight loss or gain is not only related to proportion of calorie we take or calorie we burn in physical exercise, there are so many other factors involved in this weight business like our hypothalamic body weght set point , our basal metabolic rate ,our staes of inflammation ,gut microbioata and endocrine disorders. Indeed the hypothalamic controll is extremely important to maintaing the weight at certain range. You might have obseved there are lots of obese people who are extremely active physically, eat very less but their body weight is always remains higher side. Simillarly there are large numbers of lazy sedentary peolple with having binge eating behavior and unknowingly maintainins very lean and thin physic. These indicates that beyond dietary control and physical exercise there are other factors too in maintaining body weight in certain range. Diet and physiscal Exercise is definitely important but apart from physiscal exercise along with diet there are others means too for achieving optimum body weight. Breathing exercise is one of those means which works on multiple angle and facilitate the physiology of weight loss and extremely helpful in relation to weight loss specialy in persons who are incapable of doing vigorous physical exercise. Nevertheless In renal failure patients , obese diabetic pts there are immense benifits of breathing exercise on and above weight loss ans hence it is must . lets jump to the basic physiology
Energy in our physiologic system is supplied by a substrate called ATP (adenosine tri-phosphate). The food we eat ultiately converts to ATP which body identidies as energy source. In different metabolic activities the energy body utilises is the same ATP. ATP can be considered as currency through which Energy is exchanged. If excess ATP is produced in relation to energy expenditure that gets converted in fat / adipose tissue as storage form leading to obesity or weight gain, reverse happens when ATP production is less than utilisation. There are 3 energy systems which provides ATP, they are:
- Phosphagen energy system (very limited ATP production, for 5-15 sec).
- Anaerobic system i.e. without the help of oxygen (Limited ATP production, for 1-3 minutes).
- Aerobic system i.e. with the help of oxygen (Unlimited ATP production).
While anaerobic system can only utilize glucose to provide energy, aerobic system can utilize all 3 macromolecules i.e. carbohydrate, fat and rarely protein as protein’s main function is not energy production. So only aerobic system can target both the stored fat and carbs. It is quite evident that here oxygen is the main key which is playing the role to utilize the macromolecules for energy production.
The more highly trained the aerobic system, which is generally possible by breathing exercises, the more a person has the ability to exercise and lose extra kilos. There are numbers of catabolic pranayams which increases the bodys basal metabolic rates. There are pranayam s and some breathing exercise proven to increase the muscle metabolism of glucose and there by reduces visceral adiposity which is extremely common in diabetics. Few breathing exercises specially designed to address the abdomibal abesity and proven to improve gut microbiota there by indirectly helps in achieving body weight target. Continuous practice of breating exercise by Increasing the number and size of mitochondria enables the cells to greatly increase the speed with which it makes ATP, in turn increasing the energy metabolism and utilizing the stored carbohydrates and fats. Researchers at the University of Birmingham and King’s College London have found that staying active keeps the body young and healthy by reducing oxidative stress. Those who exercise regularly have deffered the ageing process; have immunity at a good level, preserves their muscle mass and maintain cholesterol levels of a young person… some studies have showed.
If an activity is so intense and burns ATP so quickly that the 3 energy system cannot supply ATP fast enough to prevent ATP depletion (from ATP pool inside the cell), fatigue ensues. This could be reason for quick Fatigue which is commonly seen in patients who are being initiated to physical cardiovascular exercise. These leads to poor exercise tolerance and poor adherence to exercise regimen. On the contrary preparing some one with breating exercise causes a different conditioning of ATP production system , increased tolerance in the physical activity, resulting in a lower fatigue, thereby giving the energy system a chance to begin replenishing the level of ATP. There are researches showing role of breating exercise in rebooting hypothalamic body weight set point , improving endocine disorders, reducing insulin resistance and optimising leptin ghrelin balance thereby changing the eating pattern. So now you all know the scientific facts behind breathing exercise and how it can help you maintain your weight at optimum level and improve quality of life….so without wasting a day start doing this regimen regularly and have a great life.
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