What is the connection between Diabetes and Hypertension?

Do you know there is a significant relationship between Diabetes and Hypertension?

Less physical activity, more availability of resources and no time to spare, we have become preys to some extremely uncommon diseases our grandparents had never even heard about back in the 60s and 70s. Both these diseases have common contributing factors which includes-

  • Obesity
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Chronic inflammation
  • Diet high in fat and sodium

Both these lifestyle diseases are similar and silent in nature as it often has no obvious symptoms and many people are unaware, they have it.

If you have high blood pressure, it means that your blood is pumping through your heart and blood vessels with too much force. Over time, consistently high blood pressure tires the heart muscle and can enlarge it. In the general population and in people with diabetes, a blood pressure reading of less than 120/80 mm Hg is considered normal. The first number (120) is called the systolic pressure. It indicates the highest pressure exerted as blood pushes through your heart. The second number (80) is called the diastolic pressure. This is the pressure maintained by the arteries when the vessels are relaxed between heartbeats.

The combination of high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes is particularly lethal and can significantly raise your risk of having a heart attack or stroke. This is the main reason for frequent cases of cardiovascular events in Diabetics. I am conducting 24/7 webinar for FREE to know how Diabetes and hypertension causes heart disease and stroke. Book you spot now.

Having type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure also increases your chances of developing other diabetes-related diseases such as kidney disease and retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy may cause blindness. Women who have gestational diabetes are more likely to have high blood pressure. 

When does the doctor say you are hypertensive?
  • Normal: Systolic below 130 and diastolic below 85.
  • High blood pressure: Systolic 130–139 and diastolic under 85-89.
  • Hypertension stage 1: Systolic 130–139 and diastolic 80–89.
  • Hypertension stage 2: Systolic 160 or higher and diastolic 100 or higher.
Have you heard about white coat and masked hypertension?

White coat hypertension occurs when the blood pressure readings at your doctor’s office are higher than they are in other settings, such as your home. It’s called white coat hypertension because the health care professionals who measure your blood pressure sometimes wear white coats.

Masked hypertension is defined as a normal blood pressure (BP) in the clinic or office (<140/90 mmHg), but an elevated BP out of the clinic (ambulatory daytime BP or home BP>135/85 mmHg).

Do you encounter similar symptoms? Join our course today to know more such interesting yet dangerous facts. Get solutions to manage it also.

What causes Diabetics to acquire high blood pressure?

A person with diabetes either does not have enough insulin to process glucose or their insulin does not work effectively. As a result of insulin problems, glucose cannot enter the cells to provide energy, and it accumulates in the bloodstream instead. As blood with high glucose levels travels through the body, it can cause widespread damage, including to the blood vessels and kidneys. These organs play a key role in maintaining healthy blood pressure. If they experience damage, blood pressure can rise, increasing the risk of further harm and complications.

There are three ways in which high glucose levels in the blood can increase blood pressure:

  • The blood vessels lose their ability to stretch.
  • The fluid in the body increases, especially if diabetes is already affecting the kidneys.
  • Insulin resistance may involve processes that increase the risk of hypertension.

Tight and strict control of hypertension in diabetes is of utmost importance. In some studies, it is revealed blood pressure control is one of the most integral part of diabetes as it prevents stroke, cardiovascular events, kidney failure etc.

Lifestyle adjustments can help control blood pressure and blood sugar levels along with taking the right medications. Along with the treatment plan right knowledge plays a crucial role to ensure prompt action to prevention and delayed progression. 

Do you know how to measure your blood pressure? Are you aware of the pre-conditions necessary for monitoring blood pressure? Catch a glimpse of the topics which are covered about hypertension in Art of Living with Diabetes.

Our educational course Art of Living with Diabetes will guide you through in all these aspects to help you in successful management of lifestyle diseases like hypertension and diabetes.

Published by Dr.Pratim Sengupta

Dr. Pratim Sengupta thinks of himself as conscious, living, soulful being with an inner urge to break the inertia of life. He feels that life is nothing but a material expression of the Supreme Almighty Consciousness. His conscious existence empowered him to see, to hear, to talk, to interact, to feel, to dream, to ask questions, and to seek solutions to every problem. In the flow of life, as he grew up, he understood that knowledge of life is the only way to understand the scientific basis of conscious existence. Hence Dr. Sengupta felt the urge to study the science of life – i.e. Medicine. After he completed his higher secondary education from the Ramakrishna Mission Vidyamandira in Belurmath, he joined the MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) course at RG Kar Medical College, Kolkata. The professional packaging of knowledge in terms of a time-bound, goal-oriented syllabus frustrated him a bit, but nevertheless ignited the urge within him to study further. He thus went on to his post-graduation (MD) in Medicine from IPGMER and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata. During his MD training, he got a glimpse of the vastness of knowledge, and the quest to learn precisely the facts of life narrowed down his area of interest to the functioning of the kidneys and the specialisation of Nephrology – a discipline that is complex, yet relatively new and still evolving in terms of complete understanding of renal physiology and pathology. So, Dr. Sengupta decided to study and train for the DM (Doctorate of Medicine) degree in Nephrology. Right from the start of his career, Dr. Sengupta was passionate about Research. During the MD programme he worked on Cirrhotic Cardiomyopathy, Autonomic Neuropathy of Lupus, and Insulin resistance in Diabetics. All these research studies were published in national journals. During his postdoctoral study in Nephrology, he worked on Hemodialysis efficiency, and suggested an angular placement of the Dialyser in order to increase efficiency. This innovative concept was accepted for presentation at the World Congress of Nephrology, Milan, in 2009, and also published in Hemodialysis International. Dr. Sengupta also worked on Plasmapheresis – a blood filtering technique by which toxic and pathogenic immunoglobulins can be removed from the body. He studied the role of Prethymectomy Plasmapheresis in Myasthenia Gravis patients, and his findings were published in the journal Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery. The patient-empowered nutritional model for nutritional care of kidney patients is another interesting and innovative area in which Dr. Sengupta has worked for quite a long time. Dr.Pratim Sengupta won the Bharat Jyoti award for his excellency in the field of medicine. He is also the president of our non-governmental organization, The Kidney Care Society. His tireless contribution to provide quality living for his patients is worth mentioning. He introduced Mukti, blending ancient Indian yoga with modern medicine for well being of every patient. He has also introduced an unique online course "Art of Living with diabetes" which is a complete solution to diabetes management. He has authored many books, blogs, for the patients. Searching and researching for solutions to problems in the field of Nephrology remains the passion and dream of Dr. Pratim Sengupta, and he intends to persist on this journey as long as he is conscious. Meanwhile, even as he pursues his dreams, Dr. Sengupta diligently puts into practice all he has learned about Nephrology over the years, at the Belle Vue Clinic in Kolkata and ILS hospital,Dumdum where he is available for his patient

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